Sep 19, 2013

Sion #1, The casTle, Switzerland

Salut de SION --- Suisse / Switzerland!!! 
And...last week we also found Sion, and the 'little' castle on the top.... 

Sion (GermanSitten,Latin Sedunum) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Valais. As of December 2012 it had a population of 31,207.[1]On 17 January 1968 the former municipality of Bramois merged into the municipality of Sion.[3]On 1 January 2013 the former municipality of Salins merged into the municipality of Sion.
Landmarks include the Basilique de Valère and Château de Tourbillon. Sion has an airfield for civilian andmilitary use and which serves as a base for countless life-saving air rescue missions.

The castle was goin' under remodelations...


Medival Sion: 

As a result of the decline of the feudal social order and thanks to privileges and concessions granted by the bishop, the citizens of Sion had a limited independence in the Middle Ages. A contract between Bishop Kuno and his maior William of Turn from 1179, is seen as the first step in the creation of an independent city government. An agreement between the bishop, the collegiate church of St. Viztums and William of Turn in 1217 is the first written charter of freedom for the city. It includes civil and criminal laws and punishments as well as trade and market regulations. In 1269, the burghers of the town had their own council with its own statutes. The council governed the use and management of the common lands through twelve councilors led by the Viztum. These administrators later became syndics and were known by this title in 1323. In 1338, the vicar general confirmed the existing rights and freedom of the citizens of Sion in a document. The document was renewed by the bishop in 1339 and was presented to each successive bishop to re-confirm after his election. In the same year, Emperor Louis the Bavarian raised Sion to a free imperial city and collected the surrounding lands into a barony. In 1346, the episcopal Viztum and the citizenry collectively wrote the police regulations. Sion was now a city with city walls, documented freedoms and the market right.[4]

Sion was nice too!!!

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