Feb 1, 2011

ThaT bRigHt raiLwaY sTaTion....



:)

S. Bento railway station... Huge sunsets make photo wonders!! 




The São Bento Train Station (Portuguese: Estação de São Bento) is located in the city ofPorto, in Portugal. Inaugurated in 1916, the historical station is known for its tile (azulejo) panels that depict scenes of the History of Portugal. It is located in the Almeida Garret Square, in the centre of the city.




Tiles
The most notable aspect of São Bento Station are the large, magnificent tile panels in the vestible. The tiles number 20 thousand, date from 1905–1916 and are the work of Jorge Colaço, the most important azulejo painter of the time.
The panels depict landscapes, ethnographic scenes as well as historical events like the meeting of knight Egas Moniz and Alfonso VII of León (12th century), the arrival ofKing John I and Philippa of Lancaster in Porto (1387) and the Conquest of Ceuta (1415).


:)
Testing Sony Nex5 videos... 

History
The name of the station derives from a Benedictine monastery built on this spot in the 16th century. The monastery fell victim of a fire in 1783, was later rebuilt, but was in a grave state of disrepair at the end of the 19th century. In the context of an expansion of the railway system in Portuguese territory, King Carlos I laid the first stone of the station in 1900. The project was entrusted to Porto architect José Marques da Silva, who designed a building under the influence of French Beaux-Arts architecture





A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, or evenglass. Tiles are generally used for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or other objects such as tabletops. Alternatively, tile can sometimes refer to similar units made from lightweight materials such as perlite, wood, and mineral wool, typically used for wall and ceiling applications. Less precisely, the modern term can refer to any sort of construction tile or similar object, such as rectangular counters used in playing games (see tile-based game). The word is derived from theFrench word tuile, which is, in turn, from the Latin word tegula, meaning a roof tile composed of baked clay.

Tiles are often used to form wall and floor coverings, and can range from simple square tiles to complex mosaics. Tiles are most often made from ceramic, with a hard glaze finish, but other materials are also commonly used, such as glass, marble, granite, slate, and reformed ceramic slurry, which is cast in a mould and fired.

INFO: www.wikipedia.org/Tile




Jorge Colaço (Tangier 1868 - Oeiras, 1942) was a Portuguese painter specially known for his works as tile(azulejo) painter.
Jorge Colaço was born in Tangier, Morocco, the son of a Portuguese diplomat [1]. He studied art in Lisbon,Madrid and Paris.
Even though Jorge Colaço was a canvas painter and caricaturist, he specialised in designing and paintingazulejo panels to decorate large surfaces. His designs had a late Romantic taste, celebrating the achievements of Portuguese history. Along with historical themes, he also produced ethnographic and landscape scenes [2].
Among his most important works are tile panels in the Palace Hotel of Bussaco (1907); São Bento Train Station in Oporto (1905–1916); Sports Pavilion of Eduardo VII Park in Lisbon (1922); façade of Santo Idelfonso Church in Oporto (1932) and many others. He also has works in Brazil, England (Windsor Castle), Geneva(Centre William Rappard and other countries.
 Info: www.wikipedia.org/JorgeColaço


More about Jorge Colaço:
www.lisboapatrimoniocultural.pt/JorgeColaço



Rail transport is the means of conveyance of passengers and goods by way of wheeled vehicles running on rail tracks. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles merely run on a prepared surface, rail vehicles are also directionally guided by the tracks they run on. Track usually consists of steel rails installed on sleepers/tiesand ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels, moves. However, other variations are also possible, such as slab track where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface.

Rolling stock in railway transportation systems generally has lower frictional resistance when compared with highway vehicles, and the passenger and freight cars (carriages and wagons) can be coupled into longer trains. The operation is carried out by a railway company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either drawelectrical power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power, usually by diesel engines. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system. Railways are a safe land transportation system when compared to other forms of transportation. Railway transportation is capable of high levels of passenger and cargo utilization and energy efficiency, but is often less flexible and more capital-intensive than highway transportation is, when lower traffic levels are considered.

The oldest, man-hauled railways date to the 6th century B.C, with Periander, one of the Seven Sages of Greece, credited with its invention. With the British development of the steam engine, it was possible to construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the industrial revolution. Also, railways reduced the costs of shipping, and allowed for fewer lost goods. The change from canals to railways allowed for "national markets" in which prices varied very little from city to city. Studies have shown that the invention and development of the railway in Europe was one of the most important technological inventions of the late 19th century for the United States, without which, GDP would have been lower by 7.0% in 1890. In the 1880s, electrifiedtrains were introduced, and also the first tramways and rapid transit systems came into being. Starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being almost complete by 2000. During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan and a few other countries. Other forms of guided ground transportation outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use.


INFO: www.wikipedia.org/Railway





I'll b coming soon..... 
:)
i know u'll miss me a lot while i am away...!!! 
.... i'll miss u too...!!


:)


2 comments:

M. said...

É maravilhosa a nossa estação! É tão bonita e está tão bem recuperada e estimada que, verdade seja dita, quase nem parece nossa :(
Bjsss,
Madalena

Manu World said...

:)))
è mm Mada!!
È linda k doi... Pena é k o Portuense n lhe ligue grd coisa e tb n a estime...
:(
Por isso estou eu aki p mostrar as nossas belezas... ao mundo e arredores!!
:)

Obgd pelo comment.
Jinhuzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz da Manu cappu, pão e outras coisas k taizzz....
:)