Expo 1998 area, Tagus river & the Oceanarium behind...
Alfama area, old area in the central of the city.
Oh well.... i lost a photo over here....eheheh....but ....i'm still having fun doing my China Inks cards...with Lisbon views too... ... :)
U can check more at: http://manuworldweb.blogspot.com/search/label/China%20Ink
Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa; Portuguese pronunciation: [liʒˈboɐ]) is the capital and largest city of Portugal, with a population of 564,477 within its administrative limits on a land area of 84.8 km2 (33 sq mi). The urban area of Lisbon extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of 2.4 million  on a area of 958 km2 (370 sq mi), it is the 12th most populous urban area in the European Union. About 2,824,000 people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (which represents approximately 26% of the population of the country) and 3.34 million people live in the broader agglomeration of Lisbon Metropolitan Region (includes cities ranging from Leiria to Setúbal). This is the furthest westernmost located large city in Europe. It lies in western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River, about 320 km (198.84 mi) northwest of the Cape Spartel in Africa.
Lisbon is recognized as a Alpha World City because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education and tourism. The Lisbon region is the wealthiest region in Portugal, GDP PPP per capita is 26,100 euro (it is higher results of 4.7% from the average European Union's GDP PPP per capita). Lisbon metropolitan area has GDP amounting 98 billion euro (34,850 euro per capita) in 2008 (it is higher results of about 40% from the average European Union's GDP per capita). The city occupies 32nd place of highest gross earnings in the World. Lisbon International Airport, main airport in Portugal, handles above 13 million passengers per year, and the Port of Lisbon rivals that of Port of Bilbao as the main container port in the "Europe's Atlantic coast". Most of the headquarters of multinationals in the country is located in Lisbon area and is the 9th city in the world in quantities international conferences. According to analysis by lifestyle magazine Monocle, Lisbon occupies 25th place in the world on ranking World's most livable cities. It is also the political centre of the country, as seat of government and residence of the Head of State. The seat of the district of Lisbon and the centre of the Lisbon region.
Lisbon enjoys a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate. Among the all capitals in Europe, here are second the warmest winters in continent, with average temperatures above 15.2 °C (59.4 °F) during the day and 8.9 °C (48.0 °F) at night in the period December to February. The summer's season lasts about 6 months, from May to October, although also in November, March and April sometimes there are temperature above 20 °C (68.0 °F).
Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world. Julius Caesar made it a municipium called Felicitas Julia, adding to the name Olissipo. Ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century, it was captured by Moors in the 8th century. In 1147, the Crusaders under Afonso Henriques reconquered the city for the Christians and since then it has been a major political, economic and cultural center of Portugal. Unlike most capital cities, Lisbon's status as the capital of Portugal has never been granted or confirmed officially – by statute or in written form. Its position as the capital has formed through constitutional convention, making its position as de facto capital a part of the Constitution of Portugal.
Lisbon hosts two agencies of the European Union, namely, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) and the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA). The Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), is also headquartered in Lisbon.
Lisbon has two sites listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site: Belém Tower and Jerónimos Monastery.
The city is candidate for the 2020 Summer Olympics
ALFAMA OLD AREA
Tram wonders... :)
Ladra Flea market.
Me desperately trying 2 avoid this area...but there i was ...all the time... Grrrrrrrr!! ehehe :)
on the site of an earlier church that was torn down after being desecrated by a robbery in 1630. A Jew was blamed for this and executed, but was later exonerated. Legend has it that before dying he cursed the rebuilding of the church because of the conviction of an innocent man. The plan to reconstruct (by master stonemason João Antunes, bearing many similarities to Peruzzi's plans for St. Peter's in Rome) did take several centuries to be completed, only finished in 1966.
Today it has been designated the National Pantheon and contains the tombs of several Portuguese presidents, writer Almeida Garrett (one of the country's leading 19th century literary figures), and in recognition of her iconic status, Amalia Rodrigues, the most famous Fado diva.
The building is on the plan of a Greek cross, and the interior is covered in beautiful, multicolored slabs of polished marble. It is crowned with a dome that provides a 360-degree view of the river and the city.
RICARDO ESPIRITO SANTOS SILVA FOUNDATION
O QUE EU FUI VER:
Esta exposição reúne o trabalho realizado nos cursos de Artes e Ofícios da Madeira e Pintura Decorativa do Instituto de Artes e Ofícios da Fundação Ricardo do Espírito Santo Silva e nos cursos de especialização tecnológica de Conservação e Restauro, ministrados em parceria com a Escola Superior de Artes Decorativas.
Pretende-se mostrar o rigor da execução de técnicas tradicionais nos processos construtivos de peças de mobiliário e nos projectos de pintura decorativa, e a qualidade da intervenção de conservação e restauro, bem como os processos e metodologias utilizados ao longo do(s) processo(s) formativo(s).
Serão ainda expostos trabalhos de alunos dos cursos de curta duração do Instituto de Artes e Ofícios.
Museu de Artes Decorativas Portuguesas – Palácio Azurara
Todos os dias (excepto 3ª feira) das 10h00 às 17h00
LISBON huge CATHEDRAL
Oh......i guess i've lost most of my shoots taken inside the Cathedral.... and i lost one of my fav photos taken at this journey to Lisbon too.... :((( Anyway.... I just A-D-O-R-E stained glass!!!!... Simply amazing!!:))
I was desperately searching for the Cathedral and Ladra flea market was always coming around all the time!! I finally found the Cathedral ... Entered there and....My Godness, it is indeed beautiful!!! The stained glass really made my day!! So bright, colorful & breathtaking!! They are quite impressing, oh my God!!!!... But bad news: the Cathedral needs a clean... and some restore here and there...
LISBON city CATHEDRAL
Santa Maria Maior de Lisboa or Sé de Lisboa is the cathedral of Lisbon and the oldest church in the city. Since the beginning of the construction of the cathedral, in the year 1147, the building has been modified several times and survived many earthquakes. It is nowadays a mix of different architectural styles.
Lisbon has been the seat of a bishopric since the 4th century AD (see Patriarch of Lisbon). After the period of Visigothic domination the city was conquered by the Moors and stayed under Arab control from the 8th to the 12th century, although Christians were allowed to live in Lisbon and its surroundings. In the year 1147, the city was reconquered by an army composed of Portuguese soldiers led by King Afonso Henriques and North European crusaders taking part on the Second Crusade (see Siege of Lisbon). An English crusader named Gilbert of Hastings was placed as bishop, and a new cathedral was built on the site of the main mosque of Lisbon.
This first building was completed between 1147 and the first decades of the 13th century in Late Romanesque style. At that time the relics of St Vincent (Vincent of Saragossa, patron saint of Lisbon) were brought to the cathedral from Southern Portugal. In the end of the 13th century King Dinis of Portugal built a Gothic cloister, and his successor Afonso IV of Portugal had the main chapel converted into a royal pantheon in Gothic style for him and his family. In 1498, Queen Leonor founded the Misericórdia of Lisbon in one of the chapels of the cloister of the cathedral. The Misericórdia (Mercy) is a Catholic charitable institution that later spread to other cities and had a very important role in Portugal and its colonies.
Earthquakes have always been a problem for Lisbon and its cathedral. During the 14th and 16th centuries there were several of them, but the worst of all was the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, which destroyed the Gothic main chapel along with the royal pantheon. The cloisters and many chapels were also ruined by the quake and the fire that followed. The cathedral was partially rebuilt and, in the beginning of the 20th century, was given the appearance that it has today after a profound renovation. In recent years the central courtyard of the cloister has been excavated and shows signs of the Roman, Arab and mediaeval periods.
Art & Architecture
Lisbon cathedral is a Latin cross building with three aisles, a transept and a main chapel surrounded by an ambulatory. The church is connected with a cloister on the Eastern side. The main façade of the cathedral looks like a fortress, with two towers flanking the entrance and crenellations over the walls. This menacing appearance, also seen in other Portuguese cathedrals of the time, is a relic from the Reconquista period, when the cathedral could be used as a base to attack the enemy during a siege.
From its first building period (1147 until the first decades of the 13th century), Lisbon cathedral has preserved the West façade with a rose window (rebuilt from fragments in the 20th century), the main portal, the North lateral portal and the nave of the cathedral. The portals have interesting sculptured capitals with Romanesque motifs. The nave is covered by barrel vaulting and has an upper, arched gallery (triforium). Light gets in through the rose windows of the West façade and transept, the narrow windows of the lateral aisles of the nave as well as the windows of the lantern tower of the transept. The general plan of the cathedral is very similar to that of the Old Cathedral of Coimbra, which dates from the same period. One of the chapels of the ambulatory has an interesting Romanesque iron gate.
King Dinis of Portugal ordered the construction of a cloister in Gothic style in the end of the 13th century, which was severely damaged by the 1755 earthquake. Near the entrance of the cathedral, a rich merchant, Bartolomeu Joanes, built a funerary chapel for himself in the beginning of the 14th century. His tomb with his laying figure is still inside. Somewhat later, King Afonso IV of Portugal had the Romanesque apse replaced by a Gothic main chapel surrounded by an ambulatory with radiating chapels. The king and his family were buried in the main chapel, but their tombs and the chapel itself were destroyed in the 1755 earthquake. The ambulatory has survived and is an important work in the history of Portuguese Gothic. It consists of a circular aisle - not connected to the main chapel - with a series of radiating chapels. The second storey of the ambulatory is covered by ribbed vaulting and has a series of windows (clerestory) that bathe the interior with abundant light.
The ambulatory contains three outstanding Gothic tombs from the mid-14th century. One tomb belongs to Lopo Fernandes Pacheco, 7th Lord of Ferreira de Aves, a nobleman at the service of King Afonso IV. His laying figure appears holding his sword and is guarded by a dog. His wife, Maria de Vilalobos, appears over her tomb reading a Book of Hours. The third tomb belongs to an unidentified royal princess. All tombs are decorated with coats-of-arms.
In the last quarter of the 15th century it is believed that the famous Saint Vincent Panels, painted by Nuno Gonçalves, were placed in the St Vincent chapel of the ambulatory. The panels are now in the Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga (National Museum of Ancient Art) in Lisbon.
During the 17th century a fine sacristy was built in baroque style and, after 1755, the main chapel was rebuilt in neoclassical and Rococo styles (including the tombs of King Afonso IV and his family). Machado de Castro, Portugal's foremost sculptor in the late 18th century, is the author of a magnificent crib in the Gothic chapel of Bartomoleu Joanes. In the beginning of the 20th century, much of the neoclassical decoration from outside and inside of the cathedral was removed to give the cathedral a more "mediaeval" appearance.
The video i did inside the Cathedral:
Yeahhh... i know.... a good neck exercise, ugh??
LISBON CENTRAL AREA
Ok, Ok.... How do u know i did not take this shoot at that time?? :~) I took this shoot 3 months later, In Sept/Oct.... Did u see me shooting around there??
Ahhhh it was u the goodlooking guys smailing at me at that day?? I knew i'll cath u reading my blog... ... :D
A rusty video i did:
25 de ABRIL BRIDGE (25th April Bridge)
The 25 de Abril Bridge (Ponte 25 de Abril "25th of April Bridge", Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpõt(ɨ) ˈvĩt(ɨ) ˈsĩku dɨ ɐˈbɾiɫ]) is a suspension bridge connecting the city of Lisbon, capital of Portugal, to the municipality of Almada on the left (south) bank of the Tejo river. It was inaugurated on August 6, 1966 and a train platform was added in 1999. Because of its similar coloring, it is often compared to the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, USA. In fact, it was built by the same company (American Bridge Company) that constructed the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and not the Golden Gate, also explaining its similarity in design. With a total length of 2,277 m, it is the 20th largest suspension bridge in the world. The upper platform carries six car lanes, the lower platform two train tracks. Until 1974, the bridge was named Salazar Bridge (Ponte Salazar).
From the late 19th century there had been proposals to build a bridge for Lisbon. In 1929 the idea advanced as a Portuguese engineer and entrepreneur, António Bello requested a Government concession for a railway crossing between Lisbon and Montijo (where the Vasco da Gama Bridge, the second bridge serving Lisbon, was later built in 1998). As a result, the Minister of Public Works, Duarte Pacheco, created a commission in 1933 to analyse the request. The commission reported in 1934, and proposed building a road and rail bridge. Bids were obtained. However, this proposal was subsequently put aside in favour of a bridge crossing the river at Vila Franca de Xira, 35 km north of Lisbon.
In 1953 a new Government commission started working and recommended building the bridge in 1958, choosing the southern anchor point adjacent to the recently built monument to Christ the King (Cristo-Rei). In 1959 the international invitation to tender for the project received four bids. In 1960 the winner was announced as a consortium headed by the United States Steel Export Company, which had submitted a bid in 1935.
Construction began on November 5, 1962. Forty-five months later (six months ahead of schedule) the bridge was inaugurated on August 6, 1966. Presiding at the ceremony was the President of Portugal, Admiral Américo Thomaz. Also present were the Prime-Minister, António de Oliveira Salazar, and the Patriarch of Lisbon, Cardinal Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira. The bridge was named Salazar Bridge (Ponte Salazar), in honour of the Prime Minister.
The bridge was built by the American Bridge Company, part of the winning consortium and aided by eleven local companies. The steel was imported from the USA. Four workers lost their lives, out of a total of 3,000 who worked on the site. Construction took a total of 2,185,000 man-hours of work. The total cost of the bridge came to 2,200,000,000 Portuguese escudos, or US $ 32 million (US $201 million in 2006 adjusted for inflation).
25 de Abril Bridge.
Soon after the Carnation Revolution in 1974, the bridge was renamed the 25 de Abril Bridge, the day the revolution had occurred. A symbol of those times was captured on film, with citizens removing the big "Salazar" brass sign from one of the main pillars of the bridge and painting a provisional "25 de Abril" in its place.
The upper platform, running 70 m above water, started carrying 4 car lanes, two in each direction, with a dividing guardrail. On July 23, 1990, this guardrail was removed and a fifth, reversible lane was created. On November 6, 1998 the side walls were extended and reinforced to make space for the present six lanes. Cars crossing the bridge make a peculiar hum - listen (59s) - as two of the lanes are metallic platforms instead of asphalt.
Since June 30, 1999, the lower platform carries two railroad tracks. To accommodate this, the bridge underwent extensive structural reinforcements, including a second set of main cables, placed above the original set, and the main towers were increased in height. The rail line had been part of the initial design, but was eliminated for economy, and the initial structure had been lightened. Original builder American Bridge Company was called again for the job, performing the first aerial spinning of additional main cables on a loaded, fully operational suspension bridge.
Traffic soon increased well beyond predictions, and has remained at maximum capacity despite the enlargement from four to six lanes, the addition of the rail line, and the building of a second bridge serving Lisbon, the Vasco da Gama Bridge. A third bridge has been on and off Government plans for some time.
Several movies have been filmed on the bridge, including some scenes in the 1969 James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service when James Bond is in a car with Marc Ange Draco's henchmen and they drive across a bridge, and the bridge is featured near the end of the movie when Bond marries Tracy and drives with her in Bond's Aston Martin across the bridge again.
The bridge was projected to have paid all debt in 20 years, and to become toll-free (or reduced toll) after that period. However the Government kept charging tolls well beyond the 20 year period, until it gave the concession to Lusoponte, creating a monopoly of the Tagus crossing in Lisbon. As such, the bridge has always required a toll, first in both directions and from 1993 northbound only, with the toll plaza situated on the south bank of the Tagus river. The tolls have become a source of political dispute in recent years.
When opened, one had to park their car and walk to buy the toll ticket costing 20 escudos. In June 14, 1994, the Government, which ran the bridge at the time, raised the toll by 50% (100 to 150 escudos), to prepare to give the bridge into private concession for 40 years from January 1, 1996. The concessionaire was Lusoponte, a private consortium formed to build the Vasco da Gama Bridge at zero-cost to the public finances in exchange for tolls from both bridges. As a result, a popular uprising led to road blockades of the bridge and consequent police charges, and event which made the then right-wing Government highly unpopular and which many believe led to a centre-left win in the 1995 general elections. As of 2009, the toll is set at € 1.35 for passenger cars, northbound (into Lisbon). There is no toll southbound and no toll either way during August
The 25 de Abril Bridge is based on the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge [SFOBB] near the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, USA. Both SFOBB and the 25 de Abril Bridge were built by the same company. The American Society of Civil Engineers says that "Like its sister bridge, the SFOBB in San Francisco, the Tagus River Bridge is located in an area with a long history of earthquakes" and seismic data had to be taken into account in its construction. Another sister bridge is the Forth Road Bridge in Edinburgh.
Upon completion the bridge had the longest suspended span and the longest main span in Continental Europe, the world's longest continuous truss, and the world's deepest bridge foundation. It was the fifth largest suspension bridge in the world, the largest outside the USA. Today it is the 20th largest suspension bridge in the world.
In 2006 a daily average of 150,000 cars cross the bridge, including 7,000 on the peak hour. Rail traffic is also heavy, with a daily average of 157 trains. In all, around 380,000 people cross the bridge daily (190,000 if considering return trips).
1012,88 m - length of main span
2277,64 m - length of truss
70 m - height from water to upper platform
190,47 m - height of main towers (second tallest structure in Portugal)
58,6 cm - diameter of each of the two sets of main cables
11,248 - number of steel wire strand cables, each 4,87 mm in diameter, in each set of main cables
54,196 km - length of steel wire strand cables making up the two sets of main cables
79,3 m - depth (below water-level) of the foundation of the south pillar
30 km - length of access roads
32 - viaducts in the access roads.
See also about Vasco da Gama Bridge :
25th April bridge, the Docas area. Time 4 some drinks.... 1 Cappuccino or a Cuba Libre for me....with Baccardi,please...and 3 BIG ice cubes... thank youuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu!!!!...
I'll give u a clue,ok?
:) Ahhhhhhh!!! I knew u wanted some Cappu too...!!!
Belém Tower (in Portuguese Torre de Belém, pronounced [ˈtoʁ(ɨ) dɨ bɨˈlɐ̃ȷ̃]) or the Tower of St Vincent is a fortified tower located in the Belém district of Lisbon, Portugal. It is an UNESCO World Heritage Site (along with the nearby Jerónimos Monastery) because of the significant role it played in the Portuguese maritime discoveries of the era of the Age of Discoveries. The tower was commissioned by King John II to be both part of a defense system at the mouth of the Tagus River and a ceremonial gateway to Lisbon.
The tower was built in the early 16th century and is a prominent example of the Portuguese Manueline style, but it also incorporates hints of other architectural styles. The structure was built from lioz limestone and is composed of a bastion and the 30 meter (100 foot), four story tower. It has incorrectly been stated that the tower was built in the middle of the Tagus and now sits near the shore because the river was redirected after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. In fact, the tower was built on a small island in the Tagus River near the Lisbon shore.
'EXPO 1998' AREA, Lisbon
Expo '98 (in full, 1998 Lisbon World Exposition) was an official specialised World's Fair held in Lisbon, Portugal from May 22 to September 30, 1998. The theme of the fair was "The Oceans, a Heritage for the Future," chosen in part to commemorate 500 years of Portuguese discoveries. The Expo received around 11 million visitors in 132 days. 155 countries and organizations were represented.
The huge Oceanarium in the background.
Gare do Oriente train & metro station.
Spanish Santiago Calatrava architect project.
Brilliant! As usual...
Calatrava website at:
In case u want to see my Expo 2008 photos at my Flickr account...here they are:
And here at my travels blog, the full Expo 2008 travel journey at:
Below... another Video i did....:=)
So....Manu is coming back home..... i didn't wanted to, but i had to...ehehehe
But... i'll b back... Gotta take these 1457896523 photos i hadn't chance to take this time!!! :)
E assim foi… ...
I recently spent one day in Lisbon! I went on an arts & crafts propose and to get some + info on some Restoring curses at FRESS... ...but also to get away for a while, see my friends ... and take many… many photos!! ... (Not as much as I wished tough!! Ehehe)
I got back home aroun 0.00am and I was pretty tired... I had a 3 hours slept, a 6 hours train trip and hours of walking.... Boy, i'm not 20 years old anymore!!! Ah!!
And last, but not least, it was super to b there & be with my friends as well!!! I’ll b back soon guys!!!!
Ohhhh , How I love traveling ... Ah!!
U can check out + at my Flickr account at:
Are u tired of reading me??
I hope not... indeed.... eheheheh!!!